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Lutzow - Heavy Cruiser


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 Special thanks to Michael Emmerich of for the use of images and information in this section.

Schwerer Kreuzer Lützow (projected appearance)


The heavy cruisers of the Kriegsmarine were a result of the Washington Fleet Treaty of 1921, so called "Washington Cruisers". Their displacement was not to exceed 10.000 tons and their main artillery was limited to 8" (20,3 cm) guns, but in reality they were up to 60% bigger than allowed.

Between 1935 and 1937 the keels of five of this ships were laid down which belonged to two slightly different classes of ships: The Admiral Hipper and her sister Ship Blücher , the improved second batch consisting of the Prinz Eugen , Seydlitz and Lützow . The last two were originally planned to be big CLs with an armament of twelve 15 cm guns, but due to the lack of guns and turrets and the threat of a new class of Soviet cruisers, the ships were built as additional ships of the Prinz Eugen design. Those ships were designed with the idea of commerce war in mind, they should attack allied merchant shipping and evade allied warships, but it soon got obvious that they were not ideal for this task. With their high-pressure steam engine their fuel consumption was too high and their operational range was not big enough to be used in the North Atlantic. In addition, the complicated engine construction often broke down. Of the five ships, only three got completed at all.

Lützow was uncompleted sold to Russia in 1940 and was never completed. She was scraped in the late 1950s.


Construction Data Dimensions Commanders
Laid down:     Deschimag Bremen, 02.08.1937
Launched:     01.07.1939
Fate:     scrapped in the 1950s (Russia)
Costs:     83,6 Mio Reichsmark
Size (Max):     19800 t
Length (Total):     210,0 m
Length (Waterline):     
Beam:     21,8 m
Draft:     7,9 m
Crew:     ~1600
Kaptain II ranga A.G. Vanifatiev:     Oct 1940 - Sep 1941
Kaptain II ranga A.K. Pavlovskii:     Dec 1942 - Aug 1943
Kaptain III ranga S.A. Glukhovtsev:     Aug 1943 -



Armour and Aircraft

Engines & Performance

20,3cm SK (8"):     8
10,5 cm L/65 C/33:     12
4 cm Flak:     20
3,7 cm L/83:     8
2 cm MG L/64:     32
53,3 cm Torpedoes:     12
Deck:     12-50 mm
Belt:     70-80 mm
Command Tower:     50 - 150 mm
Turrets:     70 - 105 mm
Arado Ar 196:     3
Shafts:     3
Turbines:     3
Type:     Deschimag geared turbines
Total Performance:     132000 shp
Speed:     32,5 kn
Range:     8000 miles at 20 kn

Operational History

01.07.1939:   Launched at Deschimag shipyard, Bremen.
May 1940:   Purchased by Soviet Union from Germany.
31.05.1940:   The  incomplete hull is towed to Leningrad.
25.09.1940:   Renamed to Petropavlovsk .
June 1941:   The  Petropavlovsk is completed about 70%. Machinery and subsidiary installations are incomplete, the funnel and only basic elements of superstructures are erected plus improvised main-mast mounted. Only "A" and "D" (1st and 4th) 20,3 cm (8") turrets are mounted and equipped plus bases and barbettes for the other two. AA guns consisted of two 3,7 cm and eight 20 mm guns (most likely German models)
June - August 1941:   The cruiser was re-equipped to floating battery with its four 20,3 cm guns (German ammunition) and towed to the Call Harbor (Leningrad Trade Port's area).
07.09.1941:   Petropavlovsk opens fire on Wehrmacht units. After 21st volley the barrel of the left 20, cm gun of the "A" turret broke down because of internal shell/defect which was thoroughly sealed in Germany.
17.09.1941:   The motionless ship has fired about 700 shells on German ground units. German heavy artillery fired at
the cruiser. During this day Petropavlovsk received 53 hits of 210 mm shells. She sunk and set  upon the bottom on shallow waters.
04.04.1942:   During operation "Eisstoss" the cruiser received one serious hit from Luftwaffe bombers.
17.09.1942:   The ship was raised and towed for refitting.
30.12.1942:   Reintegrated into the naval defence of Leningrad, moved to the "Iron Seawall" in Leningrad Cargo Port.
January-February 1943:   The ship is refitted with AA guns: six 3,7 cm L/67, 5x70-K mountings, two 20 mm and several (6-8) 12,7 mm L/79.
January 1944:   Petropavlovsk fires on German units retreating. Over 1036 shells were fired for 10 days.
01.09.1944:   The cruiser is renamed to Tallin .
Summer 1945:   The ship is transferred to the Baltic plant in order to continue construction.
12.01.1949:   The ship is re-classified to Light Cruiser.
23.12.1949:   Technical parameters for a completion of the i are set: 12 x 15,2 cm guns L/53 "MK-5" (in triple turrets), 6 x 10 cm guns L/70 "SM.5" , 12 45 mm L/78 "SM-20" flak and 24 x 25 mm L/80 "4M-120" light Flak. The maximum size of the ship was projected to be 19395 t. But caused by the time and money to be spend on this project - equal to the construction of an additional Severdlov cruiser - the project is canceled.
11.03.1953:   Re-classified to motionless training ship Dnepr .
December 1956:   Re-classified to floating barrack and renamed to PKZ-112 .
04.04.1958:   Removed from the Soviet navy lists.

Broken down at the Vtorchermet base in Leningrad Cargo Port.